Oracle向HDFS迁移(导入)数据报错

运行环境 | centos 7.0 | sqoop 1.4.7 | hadoop-2.7.7 | hive-1.2.2 | oracle 12C | MySQL5.7.28 | jdk1.8 | VMware Workstation 15 Pro

Oracle导入HDFS 命令

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./sqoop import --connect jdbc:oracle:thin:@192.168.11.53:1521:oracledb \
--username HIVE --password root123 \
--table EXPHIVE -m 1 \
--target-dir /oracle/output

报错表或视图不存在

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19/11/13 09:49:20 ERROR manager.SqlManager: Error executing statement: java.sql.SQLSyntaxErrorException: ORA-00942: 表或视图不存在

java.sql.SQLSyntaxErrorException: ORA-00942: 表或视图不存在

at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIoer11.processError(T4CTTIoer11.java:494)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIoer11.processError(T4CTTIoer11.java:446)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4C8Oall.processError(T4C8Oall.java:1054)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIfun.receive(T4CTTIfun.java:623)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIfun.doRPC(T4CTTIfun.java:252)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4C8Oall.doOALL(T4C8Oall.java:612)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CPreparedStatement.doOall8(T4CPreparedStatement.java:226)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CPreparedStatement.doOall8(T4CPreparedStatement.java:59)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CPreparedStatement.executeForDescribe(T4CPreparedStatement.java:747)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleStatement.executeMaybeDescribe(OracleStatement.java:904)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleStatement.doExecuteWithTimeout(OracleStatement.java:1082)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.OraclePreparedStatement.executeInternal(OraclePreparedStatement.java:3780)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CPreparedStatement.executeInternal(T4CPreparedStatement.java:1343)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.OraclePreparedStatement.executeQuery(OraclePreparedStatement.java:3822)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.OraclePreparedStatementWrapper.executeQuery(OraclePreparedStatementWrapper.java:1165)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.SqlManager.execute(SqlManager.java:777)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.SqlManager.execute(SqlManager.java:786)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.SqlManager.getColumnInfoForRawQuery(SqlManager.java:289)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.SqlManager.getColumnTypesForRawQuery(SqlManager.java:260)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.SqlManager.getColumnTypes(SqlManager.java:246)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.ConnManager.getColumnTypes(ConnManager.java:327)
at org.apache.sqoop.orm.ClassWriter.getColumnTypes(ClassWriter.java:1872)
at org.apache.sqoop.orm.ClassWriter.generate(ClassWriter.java:1671)
at org.apache.sqoop.tool.CodeGenTool.generateORM(CodeGenTool.java:106)
at org.apache.sqoop.tool.ImportTool.importTable(ImportTool.java:501)
at org.apache.sqoop.tool.ImportTool.run(ImportTool.java:628)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.run(Sqoop.java:147)
at org.apache.hadoop.util.ToolRunner.run(ToolRunner.java:70)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.runSqoop(Sqoop.java:183)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.runTool(Sqoop.java:234)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.runTool(Sqoop.java:243)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.main(Sqoop.java:252)
Caused by: Error : 942, Position : 16, Sql = SELECT t.* FROM TEST t WHERE 1=0, OriginalSql = SELECT t.* FROM TEST t WHERE 1=0, Error Msg = ORA-00942: 表或视图不存在

at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIoer11.processError(T4CTTIoer11.java:498)
... 31 more
19/11/13 09:49:20 ERROR tool.ImportTool: Import failed: java.io.IOException: No columns to generate for ClassWriter
at org.apache.sqoop.orm.ClassWriter.generate(ClassWriter.java:1677)
at org.apache.sqoop.tool.CodeGenTool.generateORM(CodeGenTool.java:106)
at org.apache.sqoop.tool.ImportTool.importTable(ImportTool.java:501)
at org.apache.sqoop.tool.ImportTool.run(ImportTool.java:628)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.run(Sqoop.java:147)
at org.apache.hadoop.util.ToolRunner.run(ToolRunner.java:70)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.runSqoop(Sqoop.java:183)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.runTool(Sqoop.java:234)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.runTool(Sqoop.java:243)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.main(Sqoop.java:252)

报错标识符无效

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Error: java.io.IOException: SQLException in nextKeyValue
at org.apache.sqoop.mapreduce.db.DBRecordReader.nextKeyValue(DBRecordReader.java:277)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask$NewTrackingRecordReader.nextKeyValue(MapTask.java:556)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.task.MapContextImpl.nextKeyValue(MapContextImpl.java:80)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.map.WrappedMapper$Context.nextKeyValue(WrappedMapper.java:91)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Mapper.run(Mapper.java:145)
at org.apache.sqoop.mapreduce.AutoProgressMapper.run(AutoProgressMapper.java:64)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask.runNewMapper(MapTask.java:787)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask.run(MapTask.java:341)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.YarnChild$2.run(YarnChild.java:164)
at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
at javax.security.auth.Subject.doAs(Subject.java:422)
at org.apache.hadoop.security.UserGroupInformation.doAs(UserGroupInformation.java:1762)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.YarnChild.main(YarnChild.java:158)
Caused by: java.sql.SQLSyntaxErrorException: ORA-00904: "NAME": 标识符无效

...

19/11/13 09:52:08 INFO mapreduce.Job: Task Id : attempt_1573608552785_0010_m_000000_2, Status : FAILED
Error: java.io.IOException: SQLException in nextKeyValue
at org.apache.sqoop.mapreduce.db.DBRecordReader.nextKeyValue(DBRecordReader.java:277)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask$NewTrackingRecordReader.nextKeyValue(MapTask.java:556)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.task.MapContextImpl.nextKeyValue(MapContextImpl.java:80)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.map.WrappedMapper$Context.nextKeyValue(WrappedMapper.java:91)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Mapper.run(Mapper.java:145)
at org.apache.sqoop.mapreduce.AutoProgressMapper.run(AutoProgressMapper.java:64)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask.runNewMapper(MapTask.java:787)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask.run(MapTask.java:341)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.YarnChild$2.run(YarnChild.java:164)
at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
at javax.security.auth.Subject.doAs(Subject.java:422)
at org.apache.hadoop.security.UserGroupInformation.doAs(UserGroupInformation.java:1762)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.YarnChild.main(YarnChild.java:158)
Caused by: java.sql.SQLSyntaxErrorException: ORA-00904: "NAME": 标识符无效

at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIoer11.processError(T4CTTIoer11.java:494)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIoer11.processError(T4CTTIoer11.java:446)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4C8Oall.processError(T4C8Oall.java:1054)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIfun.receive(T4CTTIfun.java:623)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIfun.doRPC(T4CTTIfun.java:252)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4C8Oall.doOALL(T4C8Oall.java:612)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CPreparedStatement.doOall8(T4CPreparedStatement.java:226)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CPreparedStatement.doOall8(T4CPreparedStatement.java:59)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CPreparedStatement.executeForDescribe(T4CPreparedStatement.java:747)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleStatement.executeMaybeDescribe(OracleStatement.java:904)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleStatement.doExecuteWithTimeout(OracleStatement.java:1082)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.OraclePreparedStatement.executeInternal(OraclePreparedStatement.java:3780)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CPreparedStatement.executeInternal(T4CPreparedStatement.java:1343)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.OraclePreparedStatement.executeQuery(OraclePreparedStatement.java:3822)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.OraclePreparedStatementWrapper.executeQuery(OraclePreparedStatementWrapper.java:1165)
at org.apache.sqoop.mapreduce.db.DBRecordReader.executeQuery(DBRecordReader.java:111)
at org.apache.sqoop.mapreduce.db.DBRecordReader.nextKeyValue(DBRecordReader.java:235)
... 12 more
Caused by: Error : 904, Position : 11, Sql = SELECT id, name FROM TEST WHERE ( 1=1 ) AND ( 1=1 ), OriginalSql = SELECT id, name FROM TEST WHERE ( 1=1 ) AND ( 1=1 ), Error Msg = ORA-00904: "NAME": 标识符无效

at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIoer11.processError(T4CTTIoer11.java:498)
... 28 more
...

19/11/13 09:52:12 ERROR tool.ImportTool: Import failed: Import job failed!

解决方法:

以上错误将 Oracle数据库中表名与字段名改为大写,在次运行成功

报错java.sql.SQLException: Listener refused the connection with the following error:ORA-12505, TNS:listener does not currently know of SID given in connect descriptor

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...

19/11/13 09:54:16 ERROR manager.SqlManager: Error executing statement: java.sql.SQLException: Listener refused the connection with the following error:
ORA-12505, TNS:listener does not currently know of SID given in connect descriptor

java.sql.SQLException: Listener refused the connection with the following error:
ORA-12505, TNS:listener does not currently know of SID given in connect descriptor

at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CConnection.logon(T4CConnection.java:774)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.PhysicalConnection.connect(PhysicalConnection.java:688)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CDriverExtension.getConnection(T4CDriverExtension.java:39)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver.connect(OracleDriver.java:691)
at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:664)
at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:247)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.OracleManager.makeConnection(OracleManager.java:329)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.GenericJdbcManager.getConnection(GenericJdbcManager.java:59)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.SqlManager.execute(SqlManager.java:763)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.SqlManager.execute(SqlManager.java:786)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.SqlManager.getColumnInfoForRawQuery(SqlManager.java:289)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.SqlManager.getColumnTypesForRawQuery(SqlManager.java:260)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.SqlManager.getColumnTypes(SqlManager.java:246)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.ConnManager.getColumnTypes(ConnManager.java:327)
at org.apache.sqoop.orm.ClassWriter.getColumnTypes(ClassWriter.java:1872)
at org.apache.sqoop.orm.ClassWriter.generate(ClassWriter.java:1671)
at org.apache.sqoop.tool.CodeGenTool.generateORM(CodeGenTool.java:106)
at org.apache.sqoop.tool.ImportTool.importTable(ImportTool.java:501)
at org.apache.sqoop.tool.ImportTool.run(ImportTool.java:628)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.run(Sqoop.java:147)
at org.apache.hadoop.util.ToolRunner.run(ToolRunner.java:70)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.runSqoop(Sqoop.java:183)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.runTool(Sqoop.java:234)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.runTool(Sqoop.java:243)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.main(Sqoop.java:252)
Caused by: oracle.net.ns.NetException: Listener refused the connection with the following error:
ORA-12505, TNS:listener does not currently know of SID given in connect descriptor

at oracle.net.ns.NSProtocolNIO.negotiateConnection(NSProtocolNIO.java:271)
at oracle.net.ns.NSProtocol.connect(NSProtocol.java:317)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CConnection.connect(T4CConnection.java:1438)
at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CConnection.logon(T4CConnection.java:518)
... 24 more
19/11/13 09:54:16 ERROR tool.ImportTool: Import failed: java.io.IOException: No columns to generate for ClassWriter
at org.apache.sqoop.orm.ClassWriter.generate(ClassWriter.java:1677)
at org.apache.sqoop.tool.CodeGenTool.generateORM(CodeGenTool.java:106)
at org.apache.sqoop.tool.ImportTool.importTable(ImportTool.java:501)
at org.apache.sqoop.tool.ImportTool.run(ImportTool.java:628)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.run(Sqoop.java:147)
at org.apache.hadoop.util.ToolRunner.run(ToolRunner.java:70)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.runSqoop(Sqoop.java:183)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.runTool(Sqoop.java:234)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.runTool(Sqoop.java:243)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.main(Sqoop.java:252)

...

解决方法:

填写Oracle数据库中对应SID(不是server ID),在次运行成功

报错ERROR tool.ImportTool: Import failed: org.apache.hadoop.mapred.FileAlreadyExistsException: Output directory hdfs://master:9000/oracle/output already exists

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19/11/15 10:37:45 ERROR tool.ImportTool: Import failed: org.apache.hadoop.mapred.FileAlreadyExistsException: Output directory hdfs://master:9000/oracle/output already exists
at org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.output.FileOutputFormat.checkOutputSpecs(FileOutputFormat.java:146)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.JobSubmitter.checkSpecs(JobSubmitter.java:266)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.JobSubmitter.submitJobInternal(JobSubmitter.java:139)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Job$10.run(Job.java:1290)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Job$10.run(Job.java:1287)
at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
at javax.security.auth.Subject.doAs(Subject.java:422)
at org.apache.hadoop.security.UserGroupInformation.doAs(UserGroupInformation.java:1762)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Job.submit(Job.java:1287)
at org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Job.waitForCompletion(Job.java:1308)
at org.apache.sqoop.mapreduce.ImportJobBase.doSubmitJob(ImportJobBase.java:200)
at org.apache.sqoop.mapreduce.ImportJobBase.runJob(ImportJobBase.java:173)
at org.apache.sqoop.mapreduce.ImportJobBase.runImport(ImportJobBase.java:270)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.SqlManager.importTable(SqlManager.java:692)
at org.apache.sqoop.manager.OracleManager.importTable(OracleManager.java:454)
at org.apache.sqoop.tool.ImportTool.importTable(ImportTool.java:520)
at org.apache.sqoop.tool.ImportTool.run(ImportTool.java:628)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.run(Sqoop.java:147)
at org.apache.hadoop.util.ToolRunner.run(ToolRunner.java:70)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.runSqoop(Sqoop.java:183)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.runTool(Sqoop.java:234)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.runTool(Sqoop.java:243)
at org.apache.sqoop.Sqoop.main(Sqoop.java:252)

解决方法:

HDFS 目录已存在,删除问题解决

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